WindowsInstall

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Currently GIT is only supported on Windows within a Cygwin environment. While this works well, there are several efforts that aim to provide a more <i>native</i> GIT on Windows.
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----
These efforts are
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[[CategoryTemplate]]
* [http://repo.or.cz/w/git/mingw.git MinGW-based recompilation] (http://repo.or.cz/w/git/mingw.git) <<BR>>Packaged version (using NSIS) is available at http://lilypond.org/git/binaries/mingw/
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* EclipseIDE-based GIT client, based on a pure Java implmentation of GIT's internals.
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* A libgit + cygwin.dll Windows Explorer extension (perhaps based on TortoiseSVN)
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Ask on the [[MailingLists]] for the latest news on this ;-)
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If you have the main development team on linux/unix, and peripheral developers or translators on Windows, consider using `git-cvsserver` to give those users read or read/write access to the GIT tree via the CVS protocol. Committers using `git-cvsserver` have some limits: they cannot branch, tag or merge. On the other hand, git-cvsserver works well with Eclipse, TortoiseCVS and other easy-to-use CVS clients.
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= Cygwin =
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== Installation ==
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Git is now a cygwin binary package, directly installable without needing to compile it.
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Otherwise, to be able to build git directly from source, you will need to install cygwin and the following packages:
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* tcltk (for gitk and git-gui)
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* perl
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* openssh
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* openssl (and -dev)
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* libiconv
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* zip (and -dev)
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* curl (and -dev), optional if compiled with NO_CURL=1
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* expat (and -dev), optional if compiled with NO_CURL=1
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* make
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* gcc
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* binutils (sorta necessary to compile!)
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* patchutils (at least for the t4109-apply-multifrag.sh tests)
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* cpio (at least for the t5400-send-pack.sh tests)
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* xmlto to build the man pages
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* util-linux: just to have getopt (required by xmlto)
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* asciidoc to build documents (http://www.methods.co.nz/asciidoc/INSTALL.html)
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* python to build documents
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With these packages installed download the git source package from the git homepage and then unpack it with:
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<pre><nowiki>
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tar xvzf git-x.y.z.tar.gz   (or tar xvjf git-x.y.z.tar.bz2)
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</nowiki></pre>
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Then, build git and install it in your ~/bin directory by doing:
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<pre><nowiki>
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make install
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</nowiki></pre>
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If want to be extra careful, you can always run the regression tests:
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<pre><nowiki>
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make test
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</nowiki></pre>
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You are now ready to use GIT. Check that your path includes ~/bin and you are off!
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== Extra notes ==
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* Use git on local NTFS disks -- Network drives disks don't support the filesystem semantics GIT needs; for interoperability purposes you can store bare repositories on FAT32 disks.
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* Be careful with the case in filenames. Similarly, avoid special chars in filenames.
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* Run git gc early and often. There are slowdowns with many unpacked objects. Be careful to not create very big packfiles (bigger than 2 Gb).
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* Avoid using ActiveState Perl if possible. Ask in the [[MailingLists]] if you must.
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* Try to avoid interrupting (Ctrl-C) processes - it breaks cygwin.
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* Consider setting core.fileMode to false (git repo-config core.fileMode false) if file modes are frequently the only differences detected by Git. Many Windows applications make the execute bit be set in Cygwin when they save a file. Besides Cygwin detects file mode by stupid combination of content analysis, file name extension and moon phase.
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* Insert "set CYGWIN=tty binmode" after the first line of C:\cygwin\cygwin.bat, so you can use Ctrl-z in cygwin's bash to suspend a program.
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* Windows usually writes end-of-line as CRLF, while Unix/POSIX writes LF.  This can cause a variety of problems. There are current efforts to address this.
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* Setup binary mode for cygwin (there is an option in cygwin's setup program), otherwise Cygwin mangles everything read and written (Git repos have binary files in control structures).
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* Avoid big repos.
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* Avoid Big Blobs (very big files. Basically anything larger than 10Mb is too big).
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* Avoid Big Trees (directories with many files in them).
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* Avoid Deep Hierarchies.
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* Reboot regularly (memory fragmentation)
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* Defragment often (filesystems fragmentation)
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Revision as of 12:55, 28 June 2007

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